Nuncius regis


Nuncius regis
King's messenger. The king had a body of messengers whose task was to carry writs, letters and any kind of document throughout the kingdom. (On one occasion a messenger was sent to deliver part of the quartered body of a man executed for treason.) They always travelled on horse. Messengers functioned in the same way in Europe, and were also employed by bishops, sheriffs, abbots and knights. There were places across the nation where horses could be changed, though a system of staging posts throughout England did not emerge until Tudor times. An attack on a messenger was deemed an attack on the king, which may have kept them safe to some extent. [< Lat. nuntius = messenger] -

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

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  • Cokini — Grade of king s messenger junior to the *nuncius regis and who travelled on foot. The term was first used in the *rolls c.1251. Initially, they were simply a spare pair of hands from the kitchens, used as casual messengers. Later, they were… …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • Aerendraca — A king s agent or messenger, though perhaps not officially so as was the *nuncius regis of later times; rather a legatus regis, or ambassador perhaps, charged with specific tasks. The rank is now unclear but was akin to that of *staller and… …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • Boist — The bag used by the king s and other messengers to carry the post entrusted to them. Cf. Nuncius regis …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • Boiste — The bag used by the king s and other messengers to carry the post entrusted to them. Cf. Nuncius regis …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • Carectarius — Latin term for a carter or head carter. These men were responsible for the safe and efficient movement of the royal household on its endless *itinerary through the realm. The carectarius is found in livery lists among the middle ranks, with the… …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • Cursores — These men were sometimes also known as viatores, i.e. travellers or wayfarers; but they should not be confused with the *nuncius regis or *cokini. They were freelance messengers, making a living by obtaining writs in the king s *chancery on other …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • Hackney — Orig. a place near London where horses were pastured; by transference the horses kept there for hire. They were also used as pack horses. Such horses would be used by king s messengers. Since then the word has become familiar in the hackney cab …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • Hakenei — Orig. a place near London where horses were pastured; by transference the horses kept there for hire. They were also used as pack horses. Such horses would be used by king s messengers. Since then the word has become familiar in the hackney cab …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • Hanaper — 1) The basket used by a *nuncius regis to hold bulky items. Later, a basket for hanaps or expensive plate. From this we have our picnic hamper . Cf. Hand fast 2) *Chancery department into which were paid the fees for sealing charters; such fees… …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • King's messenger — See Nuncius regis …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases


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